If today you are reading this article on the display of your smartphone or on the monitor of your laptop, but even if to get on an electric car, it is also thanks to those three gentlemen depicted in the opening image: John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino are the researchers to whom the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Them the invention of the lithium ion batteries.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry for Li-ion Batteries
This is the component that today supplies power to a huge quantity of equipment and devices of all kinds. The development started in the distant 70s, just when there was a registration sharp increase in the price of crude oil, then moving on from a long phase of improvement to the modules of today. In the future they can be used more and more for storing energy produced from renewable sources such as sun and wind, as a storage system, thus helping to reduce dependence on fossil and traditional fuels.
In the early 1970s, Stanley Whittingham, awarded this year's Chemistry Prize, used lithium enormous drive to release its outer electron when it developed the first functional lithium battery.#NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/lRD2zBNm4T
– The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 9, 2019
The award is accompanied by a check for about $ 820,000 awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, which will presumably be divided into equal parts. Almost half a century ago Whittingham has found a way to make a cathode capable of retaining lithium ions. Goodenough, now 97 years old and the oldest member of the exclusive club of those who received a Nobel Prize, then took up the fruit of his work in the 1980s by further developing it.
Finally, Yoshino in 1985 it gave birth to the first lithium ion garlic battery intended for commercialization. Asked about the delicate issue related to climate change, the latter hoped that the invention could be useful to support the transition towards a more sustainable energy supply model for the environment and the planet.